History of Tennis:
- The game was first created by European country to be played for entertainment purposes during religious ceremonies.
- The modern game of tennis developed in United Kingdom (and known as “lawn tennis”)
- The first tennis ball was wooden.
- Played on flat rectangular surfaces, with a tennis ball and a tennis racquet
- Game involving tennis racquet and tennis ball
- Usually played between two players (singles) or
- Two teams of two player each (doubles) or
- It is also played by men and women together (mixed)
- The components of a tennis racquet are a handle and neck joining a roughly elliptical frame that holds a matrix of tightly pulled strings.
- Racquet has a flat (elliptical) area, composed of strings, used for hitting the ball.
- Hitting area is 29inches (32inches until1997) in length and12.5 inches in width.
- Hollow rubber ball with feather coating.
- Earlier white later turned to opaque yellow for better visibility.
- Played on flat rectangular surfaces
- Surfaces are usually grass, clay or hard court (concrete/asphalt)
- Also played on carpets in indoor games
*Court is 23.77m long and 8.23 meter wide for singles matches (width is increased to10.97m for doubles matches)
- A net is stretched across the full width of the court, dividing it into two equal ends.
- The net is 1.07 m high at the posts and 91.4 cm high in the center.
Shots in tennis: (8 basic shots)
1. The serve
2. The forehand
3. The backhand
4. The volley
5. The half-volley
6. The overhead
7. The drop shot
8. The lob.
Major tournaments : 4 grand slam tournaments (the most prestigious tournaments in tennis)
1. The Australian open –January- Melbourne- Hard surface (plexocushio)
2. The French open- May-June – Paris – Clay surface
3. The Wimbledon- June-Jiuly – London – Grass surface
4. The US open- August-September – Hard surface (deco turf)
Apart from that other important tournaments are the Olympic Games, the Fed cup, the Davis cup and the Hopman cup.
*These are the only 8 tournaments regulated by international Tennis Federation (ITF)
- A senior umpire sitting on a chair adjacent to the net announces the points won.
- The line judges make a decision whether a ball is in or out, (an electronic machine to aid the line judge)
- The referee, who is usually located off the court, is the final authority about tennis rules. Has the power to overrule umpire’s decision, if the tennis rules are violated.
*ball boys and girls are employed to retrieve and pass balls and towels to players.
Normal rules and regulations:
• There are mainly two main forms of the tennis: Singles and Doubles.
• The opposition players stand at the two ends of the net and use a racket to hit the tennis ball.
• The players have to try and hit the ball back into the opposition`s court before it bounces for a second time.
• The ball has to be hit above the net but should land inside the opponent`s court.
• In case none of the above happens, the other player wins a point.
• The players have to try and win maximum number of points, games and sets so that he or she ends up victorious.
• In order to win a set, the players need to win six games and lead by two clear games. E.g.: You win a set if you are leading 6-4 or 7-5.
• In case the score line is 6-6, then a tiebreak is held to decide the result of the set.
• In women’s tennis, there are best of three sets while in most men`s tournaments, matches are best of five affairs